Vikijaunuolis:Didžiosios katės/Žodynėlis

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Šablonas:Wikijunior Big Cats A glossary of terms used in this book:

  • Canine teeth: Sometimes called fangs, they are teeth used as weapons and to grasp and hold prey.
  • Captivity: When animals are kept by humans.
  • Carnivore: An animal that eats meat.
  • Carrion: The flesh of a dead animal, which is eaten by carnivores or scavengers.
  • Classification: The way scientists give animals names that everyone around the world will understand, in a way that reflects our scientific understanding of how closely different animals are related to one another.
  • Conservation: Ways of reducing the amount of natural resources used, including reusing and recycling.
  • Diurnal: Active during the day and asleep at night.
  • Domestication: Taking animals from their natural habitat into the human habitat, then changing them in ways that make them more suitable to living with humans.
  • Endangered: Animals that are in danger of becoming extinct.
  • Extinction: When all animals of a kind are gone, that kind of animal is extinct. They can never come back.
  • Family: A medium sized group used in classification, it is made up of very closely related animals.
  • Fertilus: Gali turėti palikuonių.
  • Flank: The side part of an animal's body.
  • Habitat: An area able to support a type of animal.
  • Herbivore: An animal that eats plants such as leaves and berries.
  • Hybrid: The offspring of two animals of different but similar kinds, such as a lion and a tiger.
  • Hybridization: When two animals of different kinds have offspring together.
  • Instinct: An animal's inherited knowledge; knowledge that did not have to be learned.
  • Jungle: A large forest in warm countries with many different kinds of animals and plants. Also called a rainforest.
  • Life span: How long an animal usually lives.
  • Litter: A group of baby mammals with the same parents.
  • Mammal: A warm-blooded animal that has hair on its skin and gives its young milk to drink.
  • Mane: The furry crown around a male Lion's head.
  • Muzzle: The part of an animal's face that includes the nose and jaws.
  • National Park: Land that is kept in a natural state for a variety of reasons, all of them important.
  • Nature preserve: Land that is kept in a natural state for conservation reasons where the welfare of plants and animals is more important than any other uses.
  • New World: North, Central and South America.
  • Nocturnal: Active at night and asleep during the day.
  • Offspring: The children of an animal.
  • Old World: Europe, Asia, Australia and Africa.
  • Order: A very large group used in classification, it contains a number of closely related families.
  • Poaching: Illegally killing an animal.
  • Prairie: A large, flat plain with a lot of grass and almost no trees, such as the Great Plains of North America.
  • Predator: An animal that hunts other animals and eats them.
  • Prey: An animal hunted by another animal for food.
  • Rainforest: A large forest that stays warm and wet year round with many different kinds of animals and plants. Also called a jungle.
  • Rosette: A mark in an animal's fur where a number of closely placed spots form an unbroken circle.
  • Retract (claw): The hiding of claws inside a paw.
  • Savannah: A large, flat plain with a lot of grass and scattered groups of trees, such as in East Central Africa.
  • Scavenge: To look for meat for food that was killed by a different animal.
  • Scientific name: The name given to a species by scientists when they classify it.
  • Siblings: All the offspring from one litter, or sometimes offspring with the same parents from two different litters.
  • Species: A group of animals that under normal conditions can have offspring together.
  • Steppes: A large, flat plain with a lot of grass and almost no trees.
  • Sterile: Not able to have children.
  • Subtropical: An area that never gets very cold in the winter, but which has different seasons.
  • Tropical: An area that never gets cold and does not have different seasons. Tropical areas are found close to the equator, and on a world map the area between the Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer is considered the tropics.
  • Wildlife refuge: Land that is used to protect of wild animals. Sometimes parts of a wildlife refuge are not kept in a natural state to give certain species of animals a little extra help. Planting rice in a water bird area is one example.
  • Zoo: A type of living museum where animals are kept for people to learn about them and have fun.